The Acne bacteria - now known as Cutibacterium Acnes - live on everyone’s skin
What causes acne?
Our sebaceous (oil producing) glands are affected by our hormones. In people who have Acne, the glands are particularly sensitive even to the normal blood levels of these hormones. This causes the glands to produce too much oil and grease, and at the same time the lining of the pores (the small holes in the skin surface) become thickened and the dead cells are not shed properly.
A mixture of the sebum and dead cells build up which plugs the pores, producing blackheads and whiteheads. The plug of dead skin cells turns black from exposure to air - not due to dirt.
Acne can be inflamed with spots and pustules or just blackheads and blocked pores.
Type of acne
Usually causing no problems, for those with Acne the build-up of oil is an ideal environment for the bacteria to multiply. This is accompanied by inflammation which leads to the formation of red, swollen or pus-filled spots.
Blackheads - open Comedones (no inflammation)
Whiteheads - overstimulation of the sebaceous glands (no inflammation)
Pustules and Nodules - proliferation of Cutibacterium Acnes (formerly Propionibacterium Acnes)
Nodules and Severe, Deep Inflammation - risk of permanent scars
Stages of acne
Severe Acne is often wide-spread and can affect the face and neck or chest or back.
We often don’t relate non-inflammatory acne with ‘Acne’, dismissing the subtler signs of it as temporary breakouts which go away on their own. However, this can progress as a chronic inflammation of the pilosebacous uniti which leads to more problematic Acne and even scarring.
Lots of Acne
Oily and inflamed skin
Acne, papules and pustules
Oily and very inflamed skin
Clogged pores, severe Acne
Many papules and pustules
Each progressive stage of Acne manifests a variety of different problems, it can be painful and uncomfortable and may lead to scarring. All of the stages require some intervention to prevent the progression of the condition.
For years now, dermatologists have also used another less known but very effective
treatment: Blue Light Therapy.
Find out how Blue Light Technology can help.
WANT TO FIND OUT MORE?
During the Covid pandemic, the practice of wearing a mask in the UK has become one of the new “norms”. With prolonged mask wearing, the health of facial skin has been shown to suffer. We even have a new term for it: maskne. However, with a few adjustments we can reduce the risk/severity of these acne flare-ups.
Have you ever had your skin rebel against you on holidays?Those spots and blemishes could be the result of a change in your environment and your routine. Dr Johanna Ward shares her best tips to keep breakouts at bay during summer too.
What is hormonal acne? What effect do hormones have on the skin? When can hormonal acne strike? Where typically does hormonal acne occur? And most importantly: What can be done about it?
There are mixed opinions as to whether the sun actually helps with problem skin. The most important consequence of sun exposure for people with acne is that inflamed and irritated skin is much more likely to become pigmented, which is the skin’s protective response as it tries to minimise sun damage.
When your skin is dehydrated, it can feel tight and dry – and this may lead you to think that you are suffering from dry skin. If your skin is dehydrated and particularly if this has resulted in spots, you should establish an effective skincare regime. Here's how to do just that.
The most common and troublesome skin complaint is acne, with spots affecting more than 80% of us all at some point in our lives. There are many potential underlying causes and the part of your face that’s affected can shed light on the most effective management strategies.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE