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The Acne bacteria - now known as Cutibacterium Acnes - live on everyone’s skin 

What causes acne? 

Our sebaceous (oil producing) glands are affected by our hormones. In people who have Acne, the glands are particularly sensitive even to the normal blood levels of these hormones. This causes the glands to produce too much oil and grease, and at the same time the lining of the pores (the small holes in the skin surface) become thickened and the dead cells are not shed properly.

A mixture of the sebum and dead cells build up which plugs the pores, producing blackheads and whiteheads. The plug of dead skin cells turns black from exposure to air - not due to dirt.
Acne can be inflamed with spots and pustules or just blackheads and blocked pores.

Type of acne

Usually causing no problems, for those with Acne the build-up of oil is an ideal environment for the bacteria to multiply. This is accompanied by inflammation which leads to the formation of red, swollen or pus-filled spots.

Blackheads - open Comedones (no inflammation)

Whiteheads - overstimulation of the sebaceous glands (no inflammation)

Pustules and Nodules - proliferation of Cutibacterium Acnes (formerly Propionibacterium Acnes)

Nodules and Severe, Deep Inflammation - risk of permanent scars  

acne types

Stages of acne 

Severe Acne is often wide-spread and can affect the face and neck or chest or back.

We often don’t relate non-inflammatory acne with ‘Acne’, dismissing the subtler signs of it as temporary breakouts which go away on their own. However, this can progress as a chronic inflammation of the pilosebacous uniti which leads to more problematic Acne and even scarring.  

STAGE 1

first stage of acne

Oily skin
Clogged pores
Slight Acne  

STAGE 2

second stage of acne

Oily skin
Clogged pores
Lots of Acne

STAGE 3

third stage of acne

Oily and inflamed skin
Clogged pores
Acne, papules and pustules

STAGE 4

fourth stage of acne

Oily and very inflamed skin
Clogged pores, severe Acne
Many papules and pustules

Each progressive stage of Acne manifests a variety of different problems, it can be painful and uncomfortable and may lead to scarring. All of the stages require some intervention to prevent the progression of the condition.  

For years now, dermatologists have also used another less known but very effective treatment: Blue Light Therapy.

Find out how Blue Light Technology can help.

WANT TO FIND OUT MORE?

Acne in the media

Victoria Beckham, Miley Cyrus, Cameron Diaz and Daniel Radcliffe have more in common than being famous. They have all suffered from acne at some point in their lives. No one is safe from acne and even celebrities find it a hard problem to deal with.

My LUSTRE Journey – Interview with Freyja Powell

"Acne did have an impact on my social life, as even with the best spot coverage makeup on, my spots were still easily visible and so it’s not like I could even rely on makeup to make me feel better. This resulted in me refusing to leave the house to go out for meals, to have catch ups with my friends and even to see the ones I love..."

Guest Post: Lustre Pure Light Pro - LED Light Treatment for Acne review by Isobel

I am excited to be writing a review about the Lustre Pure Light Pro. I’m 22 and I have been waging a private war against acne since I was 14. I don’t like to admit it often, but acne has had an unpleasant impact on my self-esteem and social life. I do get paranoid that people are looking at my face.


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