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The Acne bacteria - now known as Cutibacterium Acnes - live on everyone’s skin 

What causes acne? 

Our sebaceous (oil producing) glands are affected by our hormones. In people who have Acne, the glands are particularly sensitive even to the normal blood levels of these hormones. This causes the glands to produce too much oil and grease, and at the same time the lining of the pores (the small holes in the skin surface) become thickened and the dead cells are not shed properly.

A mixture of the sebum and dead cells build up which plugs the pores, producing blackheads and whiteheads. The plug of dead skin cells turns black from exposure to air - not due to dirt.
Acne can be inflamed with spots and pustules or just blackheads and blocked pores.

Type of acne

Usually causing no problems, for those with Acne the build-up of oil is an ideal environment for the bacteria to multiply. This is accompanied by inflammation which leads to the formation of red, swollen or pus-filled spots.

Blackheads - open Comedones (no inflammation)

Whiteheads - overstimulation of the sebaceous glands (no inflammation)

Pustules and Nodules - proliferation of Cutibacterium Acnes (formerly Propionibacterium Acnes)

Nodules and Severe, Deep Inflammation - risk of permanent scars  

acne types

Stages of acne 

Severe Acne is often wide-spread and can affect the face and neck or chest or back.

We often don’t relate non-inflammatory acne with ‘Acne’, dismissing the subtler signs of it as temporary breakouts which go away on their own. However, this can progress as a chronic inflammation of the pilosebacous uniti which leads to more problematic Acne and even scarring.  

STAGE 1

first stage of acne

Oily skin
Clogged pores
Slight Acne  

STAGE 2

second stage of acne

Oily skin
Clogged pores
Lots of Acne

STAGE 3

third stage of acne

Oily and inflamed skin
Clogged pores
Acne, papules and pustules

STAGE 4

fourth stage of acne

Oily and very inflamed skin
Clogged pores, severe Acne
Many papules and pustules

Each progressive stage of Acne manifests a variety of different problems, it can be painful and uncomfortable and may lead to scarring. All of the stages require some intervention to prevent the progression of the condition.  

For years now, dermatologists have also used another less known but very effective treatment: Blue Light Therapy.

Find out how Blue Light Technology can help.

WANT TO FIND OUT MORE?

Acne in Men

From puberty onwards, acne is very common. It is estimated that more than 80% of teenagers experience it to some degree, with a peak of incidence at the age of 15. Slightly more teenage boys than girls get acne, and severe acne is also a bit more common in boys.

COVID and LUSTRE

In these dark days of Covid-19, we can sometimes lose sight of less threatening ailments. Acne is a good example – and yet there are several reasons why acne may have become more troublesome since the start of the pandemic.

Maskne. What just happened to our faces?

Yes this is real. We are all having to wear a mask on a daily basis due to the current pandemic. I am seeing so many more patients in my practice with spots and irritated skins. Let's take a look at what causing this phenomenon.

Battling #Maskne Woes with Blue Light Therapy

2020, regardless of who you are, has given us a lot of unexpected curveballs, including #maskne, a now trending hashtag that wouldn’t have made any sense to our 2019 minds. Thankfully, there is now a stellar solution for everyone — and it doesn’t involve the super-harsh, chemical-laden skin care products.

Seasonal variations in Acne

Breakouts, spots and blemishes at their worst during winter? What to do with the changes that occur to our skin as the seasons change, particularly from a hot, sweaty summer, to dark, cold autumn? Here is the key to good practices!

Combating Acne. With Science. FREE EBOOK!

FREE EBOOK! Inspired by so many positive reviews streaming our way we wanted to celebrate Techies Day – and make it a week long! In collaboration with LUSTRE Clinic’s Scientist, Jan Birch – we’ve developed a FREE eBook for you. Find out how to combat Acne with Science!


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