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The Acne bacteria - now known as Cutibacterium Acnes - live on everyone’s skin 

What causes acne? 

Our sebaceous (oil producing) glands are affected by our hormones. In people who have Acne, the glands are particularly sensitive even to the normal blood levels of these hormones. This causes the glands to produce too much oil and grease, and at the same time the lining of the pores (the small holes in the skin surface) become thickened and the dead cells are not shed properly.

A mixture of the sebum and dead cells build up which plugs the pores, producing blackheads and whiteheads. The plug of dead skin cells turns black from exposure to air - not due to dirt.
Acne can be inflamed with spots and pustules or just blackheads and blocked pores.

Type of acne

Usually causing no problems, for those with Acne the build-up of oil is an ideal environment for the bacteria to multiply. This is accompanied by inflammation which leads to the formation of red, swollen or pus-filled spots.

Blackheads - open Comedones (no inflammation)

Whiteheads - overstimulation of the sebaceous glands (no inflammation)

Pustules and Nodules - proliferation of Cutibacterium Acnes (formerly Propionibacterium Acnes)

Nodules and Severe, Deep Inflammation - risk of permanent scars  

acne types

Stages of acne 

Severe Acne is often wide-spread and can affect the face and neck or chest or back.

We often don’t relate non-inflammatory acne with ‘Acne’, dismissing the subtler signs of it as temporary breakouts which go away on their own. However, this can progress as a chronic inflammation of the pilosebacous uniti which leads to more problematic Acne and even scarring.  

STAGE 1

first stage of acne

Oily skin
Clogged pores
Slight Acne  

STAGE 2

second stage of acne

Oily skin
Clogged pores
Lots of Acne

STAGE 3

third stage of acne

Oily and inflamed skin
Clogged pores
Acne, papules and pustules

STAGE 4

fourth stage of acne

Oily and very inflamed skin
Clogged pores, severe Acne
Many papules and pustules

Each progressive stage of Acne manifests a variety of different problems, it can be painful and uncomfortable and may lead to scarring. All of the stages require some intervention to prevent the progression of the condition.  

For years now, dermatologists have also used another less known but very effective treatment: Blue Light Therapy.

Find out how Blue Light Technology can help.

WANT TO FIND OUT MORE?

Combating Acne. With Science. FREE EBOOK!

FREE EBOOK! Inspired by so many positive reviews streaming our way we wanted to celebrate Techies Day – and make it a week long! In collaboration with LUSTRE Clinic’s Scientist, Jan Birch – we’ve developed a FREE eBook for you. Find out how to combat Acne with Science!

Back to uni... How to avoid spots?

Whatever the time of year, we want to look our best - and having a clear complexion means one less thing to stress about. Get ready to reunite with your friends without worrying about any spots or blemishes. Bye-bye acne!

Thank you NHS

There is a big trend right now: people struggle with their skin because of #facemasks. Suffering from “#maskne” while trying to shield yourself and others from the Covid-19 virus should be the least of your worry. Here's our thank you to the NHS.

Spots in Lockdown

For most people, when faced with the reality of lockdown and how their lives were going to change, the last thing they had anticipated was more skin problems. Specialist treatments have been interrupted, stress levels rose. We collected 5 points to consider when treating your acne and spots at home during lockdown.

Acne: Psychological and Social Effects

For about three quarters of the people who develop acne, it starts in adolescence. How does this skin condition - that's usually visible on the face - impact young adults' lives? Where can they turn for help to treat acne and spots and blemishes?

The Face Behind the Mask

With new rules coming out that stipulate wearing a mask when on public transport, while shopping, along with a general encouragement to wear a mask at all times when out, it is increasingly likely that “maskne” will become more prevalent. Here's our 1:1 Guide to prevent maskne from wreaking havoc on your complexion.


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